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From chloroplasts to centrioles ...
At the beginning of the early 19th century, the first naturalists recognized that plants, animals and humans consist of cells. What sounds so natural these days, then caused great skepticism in society. Today's cell biology or cytology, as a doctrine of the cells, is primarily concerned with the study of the structure and function of the cell. This includes in a broad sense also metabolic processes, transport processes, cell division and even the chemical components of the cell. Cytology is thus an extremely interdisciplinary sub-science with cross-references, from biochemistry to physiology to physics. At the same time, cell biology is probably one of the most elementary branches of biology, as it deals with the study of the cellular basis for all life on earth.