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Surname: Peacock butterfly
Latin name: Aglais io
size: about 5cm wingspan
Older: maximum of six months
Appearance: brown-red to orange base color
Sexual dimorphism: No
Nutrition type: Plant mammals
food: Flower nectar, bee pollen
distribution: Europe and Asia
original origin: unknown
Sleep-wake rhythm: diurnal
habitat: Parks and forests with stinging nettle
natural enemies: /
sexual maturity: with the hatching to the fully developed butterfly
mating season: twice a year (July and September)
oviposition: 50 - 150 eggs
social behavior: Loners
Threatened with extinction: No
Further profiles of animals can be found in the Encyclopaedia.
Interesting facts about the peacock butterfly
- The peacock butterfly or Aglais io describes a butterfly species, which is counted among the noble pelts.
- It is widespread in almost all of Europe as well as in Asia, where it inhabits different habitats. In spring, this striking butterfly can be observed in forest clearings and meadows of different altitudes, as well as in parks and gardens.
- The peacock butterfly is unmistakable due to its eye-catching wings.
- The wings appear in brown-red basic color with a drawing in yellow, black and blue.
- The eyes, which are located on each wing and give the moth its name, serve to deter potential predators.
- Yet, many peacock-paw eyes fall prey to various birds and insectivores.
- The inconspicuous dark dashed lower wings, the peacock butterfly is well camouflaged in rest position.
- The wingspan is five or six centimeters.
- After hatching, the approximately four centimeters long caterpillars are initially of green color, before they adopt a black coloration with white dots.
- Her whole body is littered with thorny fleshy processes.
- The caterpillars live in large communities on their forage plants, the nettles, which they spangle with their silk threads.
- Only for the pupation they become loners and search alone for a suitable place.
- With the last pair of legs, they hang themselves as dolls vertically from the plants.
- Unlike many other butterfly species, it is not the caterpillars of the peacock's eye that overwinter, but the adult moths.
- While the caterpillars feed exclusively on stinging nettles, the butterflies feed on the nectar and pollen of various plants, including coltsfoot, clover, thistle, willow and aster, hop, tagetes or lilac. In autumn, berries and fruits are also among their food sources.
- The late developed moths, which belong to the second generation, must search for a winter quarters in a cave, a canal or tree trunk soon after hatching.
- Many peacock eyes overwinter in human dwellings, where they find shelter in garages, basements or attics.
- The life expectancy of the adult moth is about six months.