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Neodymium (Nd) properties

Neodymium (Nd) properties

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Atomic mass, symbol and atomic number

neodymium is a natural element with the element symbol Nd and atomic number 60. In the periodic table, it belongs to the lanthanides with an atomic mass of 144.24 u. The chemical element discovered by Carl Auer von Welsbach in 1885 is not radioactive and is in a solid state of aggregation at room temperature.

Profile: Neodymium (English neodymium)

Chemical element:neodymium
Atomic number:60
Block:s block
Appearance:grey yellow
explorers:Carl Auer von Welsbach
Year of discovery:1885
Atomic properties
Atomic mass:144,24 u
Atomic radius:185 pm
Covalent radius:201 pm
Van der Waals radius:???
Electron configuration:Xe 4f4 6s2
ionization:533.1 kJ / mol
Physical Properties
Physical state:firmly
Crystal structure:hexagonal
molar volume:20,59 · 10-6 m3/ mol
Mohs hardness:/
Melting point:1024 ° C
Boiling point:3030 ° C
Heat of fusion:7.1 kJ / mol
Heat of vaporization:289 kJ / mol
Thermal conductivity:18 W
Chemical properties
electronegativity:17 W

Did you know that ...

  • Neodymium plays an important role in magnetic field generation in magnetic resonance imaging?
  • Magnets with a mixture of neodymium, iron and boron (nd2Fe14B) are considered the strongest magnets?
  • Neodymium is indeed in the group of actinoids, but at the same time belongs to the metals?